Energy is a critical commodity. It is central to concerns about sustainable development and poverty reduction. It affects practically all aspects of social and economic development, including livelihoods, water, agriculture, population, health, education, job creation, and gender-related issues. It determines the shape of the life of individuals and that of the total economy. Current patterns of energy production and consumption have direct negative impacts on the environment and natural resources at the local, regional and global level.
Energy demand in Egypt is increasing rapidly, mainly due to population increase and the rapid technological advances. Most of these energy sources come from fossil fuels such as oil, natural gas and coal. These fossil fuels are finite and not sustainable. Sustainability means that we meet our current needs without compromising the ability of future generation needs.
Renewable energy such as solar, wind, hydro and biomass are sustainable source of energy. In addition they are free, do not pollute, widely available and will not become depleted.
In countries like Egypt with high incident solar radiation (Insolation) level and abundance of crop residues, renewable energy opens new options for several applications. In remote areas, where it would be both expensive and troublesome to haul in fossil fuels, Renewable energy also offers a reliable and environmentally–sound alternative. But, they are hardly used at all in Egypt. What a waste!!
Some reasons for not adopting these sustainable renewable energies include implementation cost and lack of pertinent experience. The lack of pertinent experience is due to the lack of fundamental education regarding sustainable energy at all levels of education in Egypt and elsewhere.
Furthermore, there is a general lack of awareness of sustainable energy in society.
We also believe that RE education and awareness remains an important activity that should not be left only in the hands of RE industry and environmental organizations. University must take the lead in RE education and awareness.